Issue date: 05 September 2013
The unhappiness of being in a bad job is strongly linked to people's decision to leave permanent work for the uncertain world of temporary employment, says new research.
An analysis of data collected from almost 69,000 British people from 1991-2009 found that higher levels of anxiety and distress were a good indicator that people in a permanent job would leave to go into temping, casual work or seasonal labour.
The research was carried out by Professor Don Webber and Dr Michail Veliziotis of UWE Bristol, Dr Chris Dawson of the University of Bath, and Dr Gail Pacheco of Auckland University of Technology,
Dr Pacheco told the British Sociological Association's conference on work, employment and society in Warwick that their research was the first to examine the emotional health of people before, during and after temporary employment.
She said that preliminary analysis of the data shows that those who would, in the year after being interviewed, switch from permanent to temporary employment were 76% more likely to be suffering from increased levels of anxiety than those who stayed in permanent work through the 18-year period. They were also around 40% more likely to be suffering from heightened levels of psychological distress.
Levels of reported anxiety, distress and life satisfaction were approximately the same for those who had already made the move to temporary employment, so the researchers concluded that this unhappiness was a factor leading people to drop out of permanent work, and not a consequence.
“This research fills a gap in the literature by focusing on the association between mental health status and the transition between temporary and permanent employment,” Dr Pacheco told the conference.
“We found that permanent employees who would move to temporary employment in the future had levels of poor mental health relatively similar to those already working in temporary employment.
“So poor mental health is not a consequence of becoming a temporary worker, but a good predictor of workers who will move to temporary employment in the future. We also found that lying behind this poor mental health was dissatisfaction with their existing permanent job.”